Tag: Technology Repair

More Information About Paving Slabs

Paving slabs – very tech stuff, packing it can be done manually or with machines plitkoukladochnyh. Care and Maintenance sidewalk coverage requires a minimum cost. If necessary, tile can be partially or fully dismantled (for example, for repair of underground utilities), and then put back. Articles made of artificial materials have a definite form and standard sizes, so they are not laying does not take much time. In addition, Pavement strong and durable and beautiful. Different colors and the possibility of combining several shades allow you to create coatings with a very unique pattern. And though paving stone is still relevant, artificial tiles simulating different natural materials, is becoming more popular. It is used virtually everywhere: for paving the sidewalks, grounds before shops and cafes, gas stations, parks – for creating tracks and, of course, not do without it in the regeneration of the territory of country cottages, guest houses, holiday homes.

Cobbles pleasing to the eye, makes special mood and gives the area a neat finished appearance. Technology vibropressing is that the vibration of concrete mixture in the mold is made of pressure on vibropress. Mixture used in block-making, water-cement ratio is low, which ensures high durability and frost resistance. Product differs from vibrocasting tiles have strict geometry of the shape and parallel surfaces. Vibropressovannaya tile has a rough surface, which makes it suitable for paving urban areas, acceleration and deceleration lanes of transport (stops), especially in our conditions of temperature, when the summer the temperature is + 40 C and in winter – 25 . When using vibrocasting can use plastic compounds in flooded vibroformy.

This allows for a great result, and the choice of production method of a types of tiles depends on the shape of the finished product, the solution composition and preferences of the manufacturer. Today vibrocasting was more widespread in the Russian factories for the production of pavement surfaces. With its help get the tiles of different sizes and shapes. Along with a smooth surface produced products that mimic brick, paving, the board and saw cut more wood. And the use in the production of non-ferrous pigments can satisfy the most demanding consumers. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out WhiteWave Foods. Of what is concrete used for paving slabs? Like everyone else, it includes cement, aggregates, water and additives. But given the high demands for strength and durability of finished products, manufacturers can only use special materials. High-quality Portland cement M500 allows finished surfaces for long time to withstand the daily workload. Under the guise of the filler used sand and gravel, and only certain factions and with high compressive strength. To improve moisture resistance and the resistance drops temperatures in the concrete mix is introduced plasticizers, air-entraining and hydrophobic additives, and fine fibers of polypropylene, polyamide and glass tiles spend more wear-resistant, durable. Forming a three-dimensional lattice, synthetic fibers, thereby improving adhesion of concrete components, and thus prevent the destruction of products made of it.

Attic Roof

In addition, when the elongation roof for the gallery you'll be forced to partially reveal the roof at home, you can replace the temporary asphalt surface on a permanent single-part color that mimics share or shingles. At a small house roof is an important architectural elements, and such coverage to complement your holiday decoration dom.Vnutrennyuyu porch, painting, wallpapering on fiberboard, flooring linoleum and other work can be done in the following summer. Attic children grow, they need additional space, remain overnight guests – must have one warm room. Then came the turn of the cherdaka.Na attic should be made primarily to insulate the roof and gables. To illuminate a small (16-20 square meters.

M) attic windows in its ends is sufficient. Warming roof slopes easier to perform at the bottom in the form of prefabricated panels, but only the top of their mount. Face the wall more convenient to warm the place. It remains to paint the rafters, as well as the plane of the panel you already obtyanuli wallpaper with bright contrasting color panels and trusses can be quite beautiful and comfortable room. Stairs To Attic arrangement for access to the attic you use an attached ladder. In the production of works in the attic it is more convenient to have a more comfortable outdoor staircase. In order not to waste space and volume within the suburban home, get her outside.

The easiest way to do it in a timber (wooden) composite bent kosour, simply supported at one end of the house and the other on the sill and foundation. Staircase without risers allow comfortable slope to 75 degrees. Enough to make a railing with one (left) side, as on a ladder back down forward, and then the right hand free for cargo. Completion of the Summer house stood two years, it's time to decide on the exterior, especially since even the most careful konopatka not save us from blowing off. One of the standard, but also the most beautiful techniques – an outer casing with a shaped lining pazogrebnevym compound. If the porch were trimmed flat, holiday home can sheathing vertically, the contrast will give the facade expression. Almost holiday home is ready, not including furnaces. Cosmetic measures choose to taste. If by that time already has electricity, wiring and commissioning try to arrange a consultation with a professional. It remains to put in a suburban house with capital capital stove pipe and, if you want a fireplace on the veranda. Further arrangement of the site: a barn, woodshed, greenhouses, bath or shower pavilion – the subject of much discussion.

Greece Travertine

In this case, it makes the landscape unique charm stariny.Vnutrennyaya finish With various interior design travertine buildings, of course, is considered one of the best materials. Its warm natural color gives comfort to any room. Exquisite pattern on the surface of this mineral gives them lined items personality, unmistakable decorative. Because of the durability of this mineral from him perform countertops in bathrooms and kitchens. These things look noble and long are the owners.

Travertine often make the tiles, including floor. Besides the fact that she is beautiful, she is also resistant to moisture, does not deteriorate from temperature differences. Therefore, travertine tile so often used for decoration of kitchens and bathrooms. And in as a floor tile travertine at all indispensable, due to its natural strength and roughness. On the floor of travertine tiles can not slip. Such a coating can not hurt, dropping heavy subject.

Travertine fireplace trim and walls. It is used for decorative masonry walls from the inside or outside buildings. Travertine is used to decorate a wide variety of interior design: it is made of columns, window sills, steps, balusters and other functional and decorative objects. Travertine combines perfectly with wood, other natural materials, plaster – a decorative and simple. This natural tile material provides unlimited space for imagination. Look particularly impressive mural and mosaic travertine. The soft colors and unusual textures attract the eye, makes for a long time to admire these simple and at the same time ornate travertine deposits interera.Sovremennye first mined deposits of travertine were in Italy, in the town of Tivoli (previously – Tibur). To date, this country remains one of the leading travertine suppliers of excellent quality. Large deposits of travertine is in Greece, Turkey, Germany, Portugal, Mexico, Morocco, Algeria, Peru, Iran and the former CIS countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. In Russia, the stone is mined in Kamchatka and near the town of Pyatigorsk.

Primaplex

The design of the roof on concrete base with insulation Primaplex under screed" stand the test of the group K0 and RE90. With the new construction of public and commercial buildings, as well as the renovation of old industrial buildings, which is used for roof construction with a concrete base screed over insulation, efficient use plates Primaplex. The advantages listed above make the best choice Primaplex plates in this design. In comparison with the foam that is widely used in the construction of "a screed" board Primaplex have greater strength, better moisture resistance and durability, and most importantly, a lower thermal conductivity. Application Primaplex in the classical design of the roof on concrete base, "a screed" The low thermal conductivity allows for Primaplex required value of resistance to heat transfer plates with small thickness, less than any other material. For example, for newly constructed building of the first group in the Moscow region required thickness of insulation roofing is 220 mm for the foam (PSB), 210 mm mineral wool (170 mm + 40 mm) and 140 mm for slabs Primaplex. In other words, to provide the necessary resistance to heat roofing foam construction require 60% more than Primaplex. Although the foam stamps 35 cheaper boards Primaplex-35 (approximately the same 60%), it will need more, so the amount spent on insulation foam and extruded polystyrene Primaplex, will the same. Taking into account that the plates have the additional advantage of Primaplex (minimal water absorption, higher strength, water resistance, durability), the prudent customer will opt for Primaplex. Comparison of panels with mineral wool Primaplex in the construction of "a screed" is in favor of Primaplex because the mineral wool has a large water absorption, better thermal conductivity, greater weight and less durable. Fire protection of mineral wool in this design does not play a decisive role.

Shape Pile

And the force of swelling is that it is able to lift the building and to change its geometry. Exit here – a device deep foundations, which will be the sole below freezing. 4. Another important tip – set the foundation only on the compacted base. Soil compaction is necessary, otherwise over time is inevitable drawdown. For seals are used various ukatyvanie rollers, compaction rammers or vibration. 5.

Now a little theory. Consider the types of foundations. Strip foundation – the cheapest and fabricated type of foundation. He looks like a concrete or reinforced concrete "ribbon", which repeats the shape of the house and load-bearing walls. Strip foundation is best to build a heavy buildings. Pier foundation is also very common, represents a concrete piles, poles, which support the house in a few key points. Pier foundation is less expensive strip foundation. It is optimal to build a wooden frame houses and without basements and cellars on heaving soils in deep freeze.

A variety of columnar – pile foundations. Pile hammer in the bottom of the pit the whole area of future building – make pile field. Step between the piles on average – half to two meters. Then the bottom of the trench is filled completely with concrete. This foundation is recommended to arrange for peat, and soft soils and high groundwater. Pile foundation is A reliable and very expensive. Pile foundations are the most environmentally friendly on the impact on the soil landscape. Slab foundation is laid when the area heaving, heavy and sagging bottom. In this case, the pit under the house is completely filled with concrete. Laying the foundation of this kind requires a particularly high cost of metal and concrete and is suitable for homes without a basement. 6. Be sure to monitor every stage construction of the object. Check the foundation frame, if the valve did for welding – to make sure that there is no burnout.

Acrylic

However, fewer professionals are now using these paints, since most of the auto manufacturers use other types of paint, more suitable for mass production. The enamels used in the automotive industry are two types of enamel paints, which form a stable coating by curing, not just dry. In As an example, consider the usual (for example, wallpaper) and two-pronged glue. Normal adhesive used as a solvent and water when it evaporates dry. In a two-part adhesive is chemically hardening. Two-part adhesives are not amenable to the action of moisture, but susceptible to heat (the higher the temperature, the faster the freezing). Both types of enamel paints contain a solvent to give the composition of the paint required yield sputtering. If your car – small-scale production, keep in mind that you can use any type of paint, although preference should be given special paints for body repair.

On vehicles with fiberglass body paint in the upper layer of the material. Acrylic lacquer, this type of paint is usually done in spray cans, but it can also be applied with spray guns. Acrylic paints give excellent gloss finish, well kept and dry quickly, although complete drying takes about 16 hours. Varnish should be applied after the main spraying enamel to make the surface proper light. It's best not to use conventional cellulose primer under acrylic paints. It is recommended to use special solvents and primers for this type of paint.

In addition, you can not mix different Acrylic paints, otherwise the coating may crack. Since acrylic paints give a thin film that should be applied in several layers. Lacquer paint dry out and harden, when the solvent evaporates completely. There are acrylic paints, containing in its composition thermoplastics, which soften under the influence of heat. Cars covered with the colors, the production process are high-temperature processing. Such treatment dries out the paint, leading to its hardening and the appearance of an even layer.

Polymethylsilicone

On May 1, 2008 ZAO morning updated its stand on the constant-current exhibition "LenNIIProekt" in St. Petersburg, where available, and fire-retardant coatings. At the exhibition you can see in practice all the advantages fire-retardant paints and varnishes from the company. And speaking theoretically about fire retardant paint and varnish, flame-retarded, then we can draw the following conclusions: Fireproof paint – this is one of the most modern flame retardants, which is able to provide quality fire protection on the cable (in case of fire do not allow the flame to spread along the cables), metal (metal retard warming in the fire and keep the device in within the required time), timber (preventing the spread of flames on the wooden roof and wall elements to form a fire-resistant layer, which does not allow the wood to ignite.) Fire retardant paint to create surface insulation screens that provide exposure of high temperatures and impacts of fire. Fire retardant paint is part of the thin-flame retardant materials, the thickness of an average of only 1 mm. and this means that the application of fire retardant coating does not change the shape of machined structure.

The advantage of fire-retardant paint is the method of application. In contrast, flame retardants, for application that required overall plastering machines, fire retardant paint may be applied by hand or spray gun, such as a roller or brush. Fire retardant paints can be divided into two groups: nevspuchivayuschiesya (at heating does not increase the thickness of the layer on the surface of the object) and swelling (considered the most effective, because at higher temperatures significantly increases the thickness of the layer – in 10-40, forming a foam layer, heat-insulating). Fire retardant paints – used for protective and decorative treatment of different surfaces: wood (three-layer varnish coating consumption by at least 265 g/m2 provides transfer of wood in a group of inflammable material), concrete, asbestos-cement, brick and stucco, operated indoors or in weather conditions, which is a big advantage fire-retardant paint. Fire retardant paints a solution Polymethylsilicone resins with the introduction of functional additives, is produced ready for use. Drawing on the wood surface by brush, roller or pnevmoraspyleniem with intermediate drying between layers 1 hour at 18-22 C. The final drying of the last layer – 2 hours. Fire retardant properties appear as the volatilization of the solvent (ie, within 20 days After applying a layer of varnish on the surface to be protected. When applying the varnish must comply with fire safety.

Glazing Of Balconies And Loggias

PVC windows of balconies and loggias. Plastic windows are highly popular. However, PVC (polyvinyl chloride) – ideal for window frames in the main walls. Alas, even if on a balcony or a loggia in the PVC-profile set double glazing, the additional warm living room will not work. Space itself – the side walls, floor, ceiling and balcony railing itself does not have a main wall properties and, accordingly, would freeze in winter. Even if they are thoroughly warmed, then in the morning will appear condensate.

The situation could be remedied by setting the balcony of radiators, but such work requires permission for redevelopment of IAC (Interagency Committee) in the prefecture of the district, one of which can cost of getting double-glass cover the cost of insulated material and put together Putting plastic box with a 2-chamber double-glazed windows to the balcony did not appropriate. In conventional aluminum system also can insert double glazed windows (this will greatly reduce the noise from the street), and the cost will be considerably less than the average cost of PVC glazing in Moscow – $ 160 / sq m Frameless glazing (glazing Finnish). Frameless glass system has come into our market a few years ago as a very expensive and exclusive product. Outside the frameless design of frameless glazing of balconies and loggia is a solid glass wall, without frames and uprights. Balcony can be fully opened, slide the blade to the side windows and turning them against the wall, where they form a kind of 'book', glass canvas slip on the rollers at the top and bottom of the aluminum rails. When closed, glazed lockable key. Of course, frameless glazing system is very easy to use and externally looks very impressive, but it costs an average of 3 times the aluminum counterparts and is 320 $ / sq ft

Ceramic

Home-style cozy and at the same time looks solid in the kitchen natural wood floor. It may be possible: parquet, parquet or solid wood. These floors are long, but difficult to look after them: they must be periodically “refreshed” polishing. Laminate flooring, though sometimes disguised as a tree, in fact – a synthetic material. Laminate is more resistant to moisture than wood. Its easy to lay. A good material for kitchen floor – Ceramic tiles, hygienic and easily washable. Wallpaper for the kitchen – a separate issue.

The first strike of any kitchen accidents – spray oil or steam from a boiling kettle – they assume. So here it is better to stick vinyl or washable wallpaper that will stand the wet cleaning. About the wall designers know a secret, when creating the design of flats: if the window overlooks the north side, beige, gold, pink-colored “add” the kitchen heat, at least visually. And finally, the top – the ceiling. Naturally, the kitchen must be well-washable and moisture resistant.

Ceiling tile glue and easily without the need for leveling the surface, it is economical. However, this option now not so fashionable, that is almost in bad taste. The false ceiling panels or strips, of course, looks more modern, fitted quickly and relatively easily, allows to “hide” communication and set point lamps. True, the room will lose 7 – 10 cm in height. Another version of the ceiling – drywall. With him a little more trouble: when the sheets are strengthened, they need to putty and paint. But this material is perfectly absorbs sound and makes it possible to create any multi-level figures Stretch ceiling for the kitchen, too, will help bring your design ideas: a choice of colors is practically unlimited. But if suddenly you damage a surface roughness of paint or putty will not work, just change all the linen. Although the stretch ceiling is an obvious advantage, not peculiar to other structures, if suddenly burst pipe upstairs or neighbors forget turn off the faucet, durable fabric will save your quarters from flooding, and dozens of gallons of water will be securely detained. The kitchen is very, very important. And finally, the ceiling may be plastered and painted. It Takes a lot of time and effort, but he did not “eat” for many precious inches of height. Colors and shades of the ceiling can be any – good choice of colors, Kohler, wallpaper for painting is huge.

Repair And Construction – Clinker Brick

The clinker from the German language means – a brick. The resulting "Oil an oil" actually means a ceramic stone, high density. The origin of the clinker has been two centuries, the founders of it are Dutch. They started to produce clinker to compensate for lack of presence in the production of natural stone materials. Clinker from the Netherlands got its spread in Europe and then in the U.S.. In Europe, this kind of brick is used actively. Clinker brick is resistant to frost, temperature changes, reducing maintenance costs and repairs. In addition, the brick is different waterproof, sound insulation and insulating properties.

Strength of clinker is obliged to special technology of high-temperature firing. At such high temperatures over 1100 degrees, there remains no voids and inclusions. Use of clinker brick in the reconstruction, the construction, use it as well as steel and concrete. In Russia, the clinker is not as popular, perhaps because of its low vodopoglaschaemosti, it is 6%, and a low level fails to state standards. Certify the clinker to the manufacturers specifications. Here is such a repair! When using the clinker, in Europe, it is placed in a special mortar that is used to water absorption. We can distinguish clinker paving bricks – construction.

He is considered one of the best materials for decoration in landscaping, gardening in the construction industry. In addition to good performance, physical properties, the clinker is combined with the landscape of nature. Because it is the willing to use for the tracks in parks and gardens, and to design the space in front of the various agencies: shopping centers, administrative facilities, exhibition halls. Clinker paving bricks or pavers highly functional. He is able to withstand high dynamic and static loads, because the clinker used for paving in the city's busiest streets with heavy traffic. Clinker also resistant to aggressive chemicals, moisture and frost – this is another plus in the selection of this material in as paving stones. Laying itself is not complicated, paving comes in several layers that act as litter. First – sand compacted base, then a layer that performs the function of protection against frost, then be spreading gravel and then sand layer should be. Source builder portal