Musical ability, their formation and development of one of the most interesting problems, which attracts the attention of researchers for many years. The study of this problem is urgently due to the fact that the development of musical taste emotional responsiveness in childhood creates a foundation of musical culture of rights in the future. Recent decades are characterized by a significant increase in attention to the development of musical abilities the younger generation, more and more attention is paid to early childhood care and early education of children. Open children's aesthetic centers, preparatory groups under normal and music schools, choirs studios. But in fully systematic development of preschool children carried out in conditions of pre-school educational institution. Psychologists have long established that the age of 2-5 years most favorable for intensive development of the child.
Musical education also needs to be addressed at an early age. Music to a greater extent than any other art form, is available to the child. The earlier children are attached to the world of music, the more music they subsequently become, and so happy and desirous to be for them to meet with new music. Musical art, directly and powerful effect on people already in the first years of life occupies a large place in its general cultural development. Music classes in kindergarten contribute to the continuous familiarizing the child to the world of beauty, the formation and development of his musical abilities. However, in early childhood education there is a contradiction between the need for the development of musical abilities of preschool children and the inadequacy of the developed technologies and techniques aimed at raising interest in the music, the accumulation of musical-creative experience. The observed contradiction actualizes the problem of development of musical abilities of preschool children through improvisation as a form of creative activity.