The Conference, organized by the Institute for the Sustainability of Recursos (ISR) with the support of the Ministry of Environment and Rural Means and Marino (MARM), frames in the new relative European culture the residues that are based on the European society of recycling. Against this background, the PNIR is conceived like an instrument to identify the Spanish route to that European society of recycling. The publication, in Spain, of the new Integral Plan of Residuos Urbanos (PNIR), along with the new Directive frame on the Residues, of 19 of November of 2008, does necessary to review the present practices of management of residues and to evaluate if with them the pre-selected targets will be able to be reached. With both texts of reference like basic curtain, the objective of the Conference is to analyze the key aspects that are to define, in future, the sustainability of the management of residues in our country, as they are; the application of the hierarchy, the prevention, the objectives of reusability and recycling, the biorresiduos, the valuation and the efficiency energetics and towards where the garbage dumps go. The Conference will summon to all the parts interested to a deep and rigorous debate on the different elements that will conform the new practices of management of residues. With the participation of great specialists and experts in the management of urban residues, the Conference becomes the ideal scene and an excellent opportunity, to know the aspects keys the sustainable management of residues, the reduction of the impacts of the use of the resources and the improvement of the effectiveness of this use.