3) The lower house, the cost per square meter higher. This is due to overheads (accommodation of workers, eyeliner electricity, etc.) and the wholesale purchase of material. 4) The number of architectural elements. Pinnacle, balconies, bay windows, curved line of walls, columns, porches, round windows badly beaten on the pocketbook. The basis of ergonomics (from the Greek ergon-work and homos-law) is the characteristics of our everyday activities. Damien Hirst has similar goals. It may seem strange, but at home we are constantly working – preparing meals, clean, help children with their homework. Therefore, the organization internal space must correspond to our interests and activities. Here are some rules.
1) To be comfortable, remember that you should not make the width of the stairway is less than 900 mm. (Two of adults is difficult to will pass each other), and high steps (the optimal size of the steps – the width of 28-30 cm, height 15-16 cm). 2) The distance from the rooms to kitchens and bathrooms should be minimal, so the ladder is often satisfied in the center of the house. 3) Place house needed so that the kitchen did not look to the west. 4) The rooms in which you spend a lot of time, must be equipped with windows with a direct hit of the world, at least for some time (insolation).
5) The width and length of the room should approach the square (avoid projects with long narrow rooms, because there will not be able to place good furniture.). 6) If you are an avid fisherman and an indomitable woman of fashion, a large number of plots premises you can not hurt. 7) The entrance to the house a better place by the garage or the road. If you plan to live in this house in winter, the entrance should be equipped with a vestibule. 8) If you have elderly parents, it is advisable to have one room on the first floor. 9) The ceiling height should not be less than 2.4 meters. If you have a loft, then read carefully the height of it. 10) Most people try to save money and opt for foam insulation, as the Germans say – 'we are not rich, something to buy cheap things you choose to project for themselves, so well thought out your stay in the house, listening to the wishes of family members. Psychological characteristics or more factors affect our inner world. Man lives with emotions and feelings. Our inner world is full of sensations, some of which is the reaction to the world of material things. So your future home should cause you only have a positive emotions. Whether it be front or painting a ceiling, fireplace and TV in the living room, large dining table or a cozy room – everything has to match your inner world.
However, fewer professionals are now using these paints, since most of the auto manufacturers use other types of paint, more suitable for mass production. The enamels used in the automotive industry are two types of enamel paints, which form a stable coating by curing, not just dry. In As an example, consider the usual (for example, wallpaper) and two-pronged glue. Normal adhesive used as a solvent and water when it evaporates dry. In a two-part adhesive is chemically hardening. Two-part adhesives are not amenable to the action of moisture, but susceptible to heat (the higher the temperature, the faster the freezing). Both types of enamel paints contain a solvent to give the composition of the paint required yield sputtering. If your car – small-scale production, keep in mind that you can use any type of paint, although preference should be given special paints for body repair.
On vehicles with fiberglass body paint in the upper layer of the material. Acrylic lacquer, this type of paint is usually done in spray cans, but it can also be applied with spray guns. Acrylic paints give excellent gloss finish, well kept and dry quickly, although complete drying takes about 16 hours. Varnish should be applied after the main spraying enamel to make the surface proper light. It's best not to use conventional cellulose primer under acrylic paints. It is recommended to use special solvents and primers for this type of paint.
In addition, you can not mix different Acrylic paints, otherwise the coating may crack. Since acrylic paints give a thin film that should be applied in several layers. Lacquer paint dry out and harden, when the solvent evaporates completely. There are acrylic paints, containing in its composition thermoplastics, which soften under the influence of heat. Cars covered with the colors, the production process are high-temperature processing. Such treatment dries out the paint, leading to its hardening and the appearance of an even layer.
Before the construction you have the question immediately arises of what material to build a house. But even with a large variety of materials, the priorities are left alone, and those same brick or wood. Let's start with the beginning of the houses and then consider a brick home. Wooden houses are cheaper than brick houses, the atmosphere in it, filled with pine aroma of wood from the forest, as well as bright colors of the walls will impress the indigenous inhabitants of the city. Wood – a material of low thermal conductivity.
The walls of the house longer keep warm in winter and a pleasant coolness in the summer. A consequence of this can be less than the thickness of walls in stone houses. And the big foundations do not have to do because tree has a light weight. The most important thing if you do not live in the house, that tree is much less 'vystuzhivaetsya' nezhili brick house, which allows faster and easier to heat it. The big advantage is also the fact that wood house 'breathes', ie located in space allows moisture to go outside. Disadvantages of wooden houses Wooden houses less expressive in terms of architecture. The material can be profiled timber or logs.
Well-treated wood surface can be coated with various paints and varnishes, to keep it long. Such coverage is necessary to update periodically. The main argument against houses made of wood is its low fire. But burning and brick houses and wooden. Only wooden houses is difficult to recover well and restore the brick house is very expensive, the price will be comparable to the cost of building a new wooden doma.Kirpichnye home Brick houses are durable and have high durability. Serve this house much longer than a wooden house, with no lose of performance and appearance. Thermal comfort in a house can only provide a greater thickness of the walls. A common factor in the choice of brick is that the brick 'is off'. Indeed brick does not burn in the fire but it loses its strong properties, and as we know if heat the stone and then it abruptly cool it will crack. Therefore, the most important thing in this matter – the reliability of electrical and heating networks. Buildings made of bricks are better able architecture allows to embody design fantasies with a variety of forms and expressiveness. The advantage of the construction of brick houses is a huge selection of wall decoration. This can be stucco, etc. Disadvantages houses made of brick. The main lack of a sufficiently high price in comparison to wooden houses. Brick houses 'do not breathe' as wood, and if you do not live there, on arrival you will feel damp and cold. What would be needed to heat a brick house not one day. And that would avoid this, keep warm in a house automatically.
Therefore, from the vestibule, hallway she confidently climbed the hierarchical ladder and settled somewhere at the entrance-hall, thus reviving one of the long, in fact the glorious traditions of the noble interior design and home country site. Thus, the present hall country house – a place if not for life, at least, an extremely comfortable place to spending time preceding the transition into residential apartments. Recently Sadie Coles sought to clarify these questions. Today's creative freedom, but in other words – design of the apartment allows you to create extremely functional and stylish space hallway. At once agree that the hallway and a closet for storage of household belongings – not the same thing. All the more so in a country cottage to solve this problem is not particularly difficult affair.
It offers the homeowner household Built specially adapted room in the house, which over the years and stored in awe things necessary time in five years, the garage, finally, etc. In short, the hall is used for its intended purpose: to meet included a homey feel, instilling in him the strength and energy to their homes after a busy day. And of course, to accompany him in the morning to the world, providing the necessary positive emotions and pleasant promising to return in the evening. That can create such a mood? Of course, what looks nice and has the functional advantages. Learn more about this with marko dimitrijevic yacht. His Majesty the cabinet is no secret that the abundance of detail, even if each of them is strictly in place, all externally still gives the impression of disorder. Therefore, the number of things in the hallway should be minimal.
Within reasonable limits, of course: the bare walls, too, do not add to comfort. The optimal set of furniture for the hall will be a hanger, nightstand for shoes, a mirror and, of course, a case – built-in or freestanding. The first is preferable. Because, as experience shows, that this design fits perfectly in any room geometry, because it takes into account topographic features of the walls, elevating even the flaws in the rank of virtues.
We recommend that you use to plaster the walls 'stucco'. To understand the benefits of using 'plaster', it should consider the following features: applied to the wall with a thin layer that allows you to display a wall with a minimum of material, does not shrink and does not crack, dry out in two times faster than conventional plaster putty consumption of plaster surface is greatly reduced. If take into account all these factors, the total cost of materials compared with similar work using conventional cement-sand mix will remain unchanged. However, you will significantly save on time, the cost of the work and certainly get better and more reliable result. Before applying the plaster, the wall is applied to the soil depth of penetration, which allows a layer of plaster is stronger hold on the wall. In plaster wall in a fiberglass reinforcing mesh, which allows you to smooth out the voltage inside the plaster and avoid the appearance of microcracks. Salem Trader Joe’s has firm opinions on the matter.
Next on the surface of the plaster is applied several coats of putty. Before each layer of the ground surface. Then the wall is polished and applied topcoat sealers (special putty with a small fraction). If the wall is being prepared for painting, polishing and then coating produced by the light special high-powered searchlights, which allows you to keep track of the smallest flaws on the wall. At the end of the pre-treatment of the wall is ready for application of finishing materials (paint, wallpaper, decorative plaster, etc.) Technology Application of different types of finishing materials are not identical. Next we take a closer look at some of them.
Paint the ceiling preparation does not differ much from the training walls. Device screed and waterproofing First, using gidrourovnya done marking of the floor level. Of the place, most raised relative to the rest room, then on the walls made a mark of zero.
Preservation of this layer can reduce the formation of cracks and avoid other defects in wood. Most often, barking at the balance beam are small areas with minor damage to inner bark of wood. After drying, the cork is getting dark, and acquires a log for not planed logs peguyu color. Some customers refuse to outposts logs for this characteristic of color and to avoid damage to the fibrous structure of the tree. However, remember that most cork rot, so most cases, log ostrugivayut. Julissa usually is spot on. To protect the wood from rotting logs the entire surface is treated with a thin layer of antiseptic, antiseptic can buy at any hardware store.
And the ends of logs, the cups, the groove cuts, Stroebe and place proteski impregnated with the most carefully, as there are broken fibrous structure of wood. Marko Dimitrijevic, Miami FL has much experience in this field. With antiseptic logs can give a color cast by the customer. Impregnation of wood from decay and fire is known, in addition to wood-organisms, the wood may be exposed to the ravages of fire, is in some way more intense destructive factor. The challenge fire protection of timber is not in doubt. To improve the fire resistance of wood is widely practiced by its handling of special flame retardants – flame retardants. In this case, the fire protection of wood materials achieved by introducing into the timber the required number of chemicals that can interfere with a certain concentration of combustion without ignition source fire protection due to the action of flame retardants combination of various physical and chemical processes occurring under the influence of fire on the wood. It is based both on the melting of the fusible substances in their composition (salts, boric acid, salts of phosphoric or silicic acids), and the decomposition of substances which give off gases that do not support combustion (ammonia, sulfur dioxide). In the first case, the timber is formed by heating melted film, which limits the access of oxygen to surface.
How to choose a plastic profiles? What is a profile box? Profile of the window – the main carrier of window design, frame. A profile consists of two parts: a stainless steel interior, which serves to stiffen the construction, and outer plastic. What is the difference between the profiles? Currently the market offers a large number of specialized systems from different manufacturers, so a natural question arises’ What profiles differ from each other? “. Special features of plastic profiles: the number of cameras, more cameras in the profile, the higher its energy-saving features. On the market there are suggestions, with 3, 4 or five cameras. design – the main visual difference between the profiles, some people prefer profiles of strict forms, the other like the soft edges. type of plastic – from plastic depending environmental profile, their reliability and durability, resistance to climatic changes.
The most high-quality plastic manufactured in Germany. Many writers such as Translation Software Market Size offer more in-depth analysis. So the best choice for your profile plastic windows – a four-, five-chamber profile, produced by the German plastics. Major companies, manufacturers of plastic profile: KBE KBE company has forty years of experience in manufacturing plastic profiles for windows. The main factory is located in Germany, recently opened a plant in the KBE Voskresensk. PVC windows from Profile KBE have the following advantages: Adaptation to the Russian climate Liberal pricing original recipe greenline And here sold high-quality plastic windows kbe REHAU firm REHAU – widely known German manufacturer profile, their windows REHAU famous impeccable quality and excellent design. REHAU offers four types of profiles: REHAU Basic Design – Cost effective solution to the system box depth of 60 mm for the construction of the object standard requirements. REHAU Thermo Design – Classic System with a depth of 60 mm for the construction of Four-object system with a depth of 60 mm is suitable for use in buildings with relatively low requirements (according to European standards) to save energy.
REHAU Brillant Design – Committed to design a system with a depth of 70 mm and 80 mm for high-rise building window profiles system REHAU-Brillant-Design combines enhanced thermal protection with a variety of design solutions. System seals on the porch in the five-chamber profile with a depth of 70 mm and shestikamernyh profiles with depth of 80 mm meets the highest standards for energy efficiency. Smooth and shiny surface profiles, or bevels curvature of the outside doors and exquisite color palette is impressive. We offer excellent plastic windows REHAU Thyssen Favorite Profile Thyssen Favorite is an international company Deceuninck, which occupies the 5th place in the world, production of PVC profiles. Plastic windows Thyssen Favorit – a complex system, originally conceived and developed specifically for Russia, with its severe climatic conditions, is a joint product of German and Russian specialists. The concept of the new system meets the following requirements: a window system ‘Favorit’ warmer already existing systems of three-chamber profiles, can withstand all the heat load (including very low temperatures, Strong wind and solar radiation), different heat and moisture resistance. In addition, the important qualities we feel elegant design, the perfection of parts and surfaces of the profile, and long life system. Wide range of colors and affordability pleasantly surprise customers.
The choice was for an architect. He chose from among them, two color options. Our main objective – development of technologies and selection of materials and supplies, which allows to solve the task. All the specialists of our company with the highest special education were trained with modern restoration techniques and materials to us, "Remmers," and other foreign firms. Experience and knowledge allow us to designed with the advanced domestic and international experience in design and technological documentation for restoration work, pick up kits in the system, harmonized on their characteristics. We – a licensed company that has the right to design and develop technologies of restoration work.
We work in liaison with design and construction organizations. Quite often the deciding factor when choosing a system Recovery is the price, why do you give preference to those systems that are recommended? Rudolph Kagramanov: Why we chose the materials of foreign firms – "Remmers," Although they are expensive? We are pleased to have applied to restorative materials of domestic producers. Music downloads is often quoted as being for or against this. It's cheaper to restoration work. Domestic enterprises building materials produced enough a wide range of materials, but they are not tied to the object recovery, though this issue in the restoration is of paramount importance. The quality of our materials, I'm not saying this is a separate issue.
Unlike our producers, the firm "Remmers" offers complete kits that are linked to the solution of certain problems commonly encountered in the practice of restoration work – from preparation to final finishing. Range materials is very wide and covers almost all kinds of restoration work. The quality of materials consistently high. On the basis of the company held regular seminars for designers and builders, a school improve skilled workers and architects. For us, this is an example worthy of emulation. Elena Kagramanova: Costs to develop special products overseas companies lay in the price of products.
Nowadays the market offers a great variety of plumbing materials for the installation of water supply. On what to look for if you decided to change the pipes in the toilet and bathtub? We will try to assess the pros and cons different materials. Steel pipelines. Steel is currently the most ephemeral material due to exposure to corrosion. Also the quality of current produced by the pipe rolled leaves much to be desired. Not rare cases where the metal is rotting in the weld zone after 3-5 years, which, of course, is unacceptable, especially if you have high quality finish and will have to partially disassemble the tiles when replacing tubes. Welding steel pipes – quite time-consuming process that is not for the better effect on the overall cost of repairs.
Perhaps the only advantage of steel pipes that they can withstand heavy external loads, in case you accidentally step on pipe for example. But this advantage is highly questionable, especially in light of the shortcomings. Metal pipes. For the installation of plastic pipes do not require any special equipment, quick and easy assembly, the tube can be bend arms at random, it is easy to hide in a small box. The disadvantages of plastic pipes is the fact that they are going to threaded connections, but it is not reliable. Requires regular 'lift' couplings and nuts accordingly can not hide the pipes in the wall.
Polypropylene tubes. Polypropylene is not affected by corrosion, the joints soldered, providing the most reliable connection, the pipe can be hidden in walls and more to do with them. Welding of polypropylene pipes produced by a special device that does not require special skills and qualifications, it greatly reduces the cost of the work. In addition, polypropylene pipes themselves are the cheapest material for water systems. Copper pipe solder with oxy-acetylene or air-propane torch. Soldering copper requires a high skill of the welder to the same pipes themselves are 3-4 times plastic is more expensive counterparts. The only advantage of copper pipes is that they do not rot, but it's the same property is inherent in polypropylene and PVC at a much lower price.
Proper installation can be done with leveling feet. In addition to the vibration of the fault also distributed background noise, leaking, or running out of work. Washing machine repair in such cases may be to replace the sealing elements, bearings or other components and assemblies. Modern washing machines are quite reliable and are designed for the life of 10 to 15 years, but this term can only be guaranteed if the conditions specified in the instruction manual. It is necessary that the mains washing machine was connected to a separate supply leads to the vanishing of the protective housing for the (ground) case, a circuit breaker short-circuit at 16A. Do not forget to clean the drain filter, washed tank cleaners, taking bath powder, wipe the gums after each wash the loading hatch. If all of the above let things slide, then repair the washing machine may be required in the first years of operation.
So be careful, and washing machine will last you a long time. But remember, no matter what your technique, our masters will always help you! High-quality and professional maintenance and repair of refrigerators washing machines – this specialization of our company! Repair of refrigerators One symptom of failure refrigerator, which is pretty easy to see a rise in temperature in the refrigerator. If you notice that the compressor was switched on more frequently than usual, despite a constant temperature in the kitchen, you should make defrosting. If your refrigerator does not require thawing or she has recently been made, then most likely need repair the refrigerator. In such a case may need minor repairs such as replacing gas-vapor mixture in the circuit or replace the thermostat.
But we should also pay attention to the integrity of the seals at the door of the refrigerator, as leaking can cause fever, and this in turn may require the repair of refrigerator. Some fault you can fix by yourself, such as loud rolling noise of the refrigerator may occur in case of an incorrect install it. A related site: Symantha Rodriguez mentions similar findings. The cause could not be adjusted legs refrigerator to be close to furniture or other objects, the elements the back of the equipment are not free to fluctuate due to contact with foreign objects. Some models are equipped with an alarm, refrigerators, by the nature of sound that can determine the cause of his occurrence. If you can not establish the reasons for failure of your refrigerator previously described methods, it should be paying for service for the diagnosis of your refrigerator or later repair the refrigerator. Repairing dishwashers One of the common symptoms of failure dishwasher, required its repair – is the lack of water drainage.