Each in case that it is a case, each city has its peculiarity and the condicionantes questions must minutely be studied before if choosing this or that drawing of logistic and collects selective. The proposal of the selective collection of the pertaining to school garbage is an educative action that it aims at to invest in a mentality change as a link to work the transformation of the ambient conscience. The problematic one of garbage comes being aggravated, among others factors, for the accented demographic, especially in the urban centers, resultant growth of the agricultural exodus and lack of a familiar planning. The consumption object production on a large scale and the introduction of new packings in the market come increasing frightfully since the Industrial Revolution. Consequently, the volume and the diversity of generated residues had suffered considerable addition, thus appearing, the age of the dismissable ones. Ahead of the displayed one, Oliveira (1973), strengthens that: The knowledge of the problem started to include in its universe of analysis concerns, for example, with the speed of the process of production of solid residues in the cities and with the factors that influence this process, that is superior the natural speed of the degradation processes. The question of the solid residues in the urban way, represents excellent ambient impacts that affect and degrade the quality of urban life.
Thus, with the urbanization and evolution of civilization human being, the perception of the environment moved drastically. The nature started to occupy a position of subservincia in relation to the humanity. Passing to be known so that it was dominated and explored. However, it is looked to develop attitudes and action of conservation and preservation of the natural environment, in the community, demonstrating that the use of practical of protection to the environment results of the proper and communitarian advantage, helping to develop a social position and politics worried and compromised to the question of the life in the land.