According to the issues raised above, it is interpreted that this internal environment interact with individual characteristics to determine the behavior of the subject. According to Gibson (1990), the organizational climate is a group of that describe an organization and characteristics that distinguish it from other organizations; they are relative permanence in time and influence the behaviour of individuals in the organization. James and Jones (1974), identified three approaches or viewpoints to study the concept of organizational climate: structural, perceptual and interactive. The first explanation of the formation of organizational climate was given in terms of a structural approach. Under this view, the nature of the climate is an attribute that belongs to the Organization, regardless of the perception of its individual members. The foregoing leads to consider that, for James and Jones (op cit), organizational climate is a set of characteristics that describe an organization and distinguish it from others, which are relatively stable over time and that influence the behavior of individuals within the organization. Learn more about this with Jack Fusco.
In contrast to the structured vision, which locates the genesis of the climate in the organizational properties, the perceptual model sustains the origin weather in individuals. It is understood the climate as a process of psychological description of the organizational conditions, being a product of perceptual cognitive processes. The perceptual approach represents a deductive definition of organizational climate, which responds to the controversy that links the perception of climate to values, attitudes or personal opinions of employees, whereas even their level of satisfaction. Taking into account this perspective, the individual perceives the organizational climate based on the needs of the organization can satisfy you. From this perspective, the basis of the formation of the climate lies within the same individual. Individuals respond to situational variables in a way that has psychological meaning for them; in this regard, the organizational climate is a psychologically processed description of the organizational conditions.