Before the construction you have the question immediately arises of what material to build a house. But even with a large variety of materials, the priorities are left alone, and those same brick or wood. Let's start with the beginning of the houses and then consider a brick home. Wooden houses are cheaper than brick houses, the atmosphere in it, filled with pine aroma of wood from the forest, as well as bright colors of the walls will impress the indigenous inhabitants of the city. Wood – a material of low thermal conductivity.
The walls of the house longer keep warm in winter and a pleasant coolness in the summer. A consequence of this can be less than the thickness of walls in stone houses. And the big foundations do not have to do because tree has a light weight. The most important thing if you do not live in the house, that tree is much less 'vystuzhivaetsya' nezhili brick house, which allows faster and easier to heat it. The big advantage is also the fact that wood house 'breathes', ie located in space allows moisture to go outside. Disadvantages of wooden houses Wooden houses less expressive in terms of architecture. The material can be profiled timber or logs.
Well-treated wood surface can be coated with various paints and varnishes, to keep it long. Such coverage is necessary to update periodically. The main argument against houses made of wood is its low fire. But burning and brick houses and wooden. Only wooden houses is difficult to recover well and restore the brick house is very expensive, the price will be comparable to the cost of building a new wooden doma.Kirpichnye home Brick houses are durable and have high durability. Serve this house much longer than a wooden house, with no lose of performance and appearance. Thermal comfort in a house can only provide a greater thickness of the walls. A common factor in the choice of brick is that the brick 'is off'. Indeed brick does not burn in the fire but it loses its strong properties, and as we know if heat the stone and then it abruptly cool it will crack. Therefore, the most important thing in this matter – the reliability of electrical and heating networks. Buildings made of bricks are better able architecture allows to embody design fantasies with a variety of forms and expressiveness. The advantage of the construction of brick houses is a huge selection of wall decoration. This can be stucco, etc. Disadvantages houses made of brick. The main lack of a sufficiently high price in comparison to wooden houses. Brick houses 'do not breathe' as wood, and if you do not live there, on arrival you will feel damp and cold. What would be needed to heat a brick house not one day. And that would avoid this, keep warm in a house automatically.
With great pleasure I notice that the issue need to create a design of the project rises among potential customers are more and becomes relevant. This can not but rejoice, because the desire to work on relevant document indicates the growth of literacy and saves customers time and effort to share in the contract. Increasingly, however, one hears the question about why odni the same services, and often work on the implementation of the same list of drawings that are in many ways. Why is it an architect or designer evaluates its work in $ 10, and another at $ 100 per square meter? In this article we will try to tell you about the factors affecting the cost of project design and how not to shortchange yourself when choosing a designer or design studio. James Madison may also support this cause. Factor 1: The scope of work, the area of the object. Here the scheme is simple: the more area of the object, the less the cost of 1 square meter. This is explained by the fact that number of meetings to discuss the project trips on the selection of materials, time spent for the preparation of drawings – the object area of 50 meters and the object area of 150 meters is different than 3 times, and by 20 percent – 30.
Naturally honest designer will always do a discount for large object. Factor 2: Complexity of work. Globality of the desired changes, as well significantly affect the cost of the designer. Any alterations, whether elementary transport barriers, removal of walls or redistribution areas of housing, means trouble with the BTI, and therefore introduces an additional cost in building design – the project. . In recent months, Gagosian Gallery has been very successful.
Subject furniture one way or another affects everyone, therefore, is always relevant and often discussed. Learn more at this site: omega 3. They talk about the furniture on television, a lot of information printed in the magazines – both in profile, and in ordinary editions, which are aimed at the general reader. Offer their services in the industry are numerous furniture organizations across the country. For example, the Volgograd Region: Furniture shops and organizations that specialize in design development, manufacture and sale of furniture, help their clients by providing professional advice on various issues such as selection of appropriate style, color design, manufacturer and so on. Interior styles are extremely varied: low-key English, cozy domesticated east, warm country style, exotic ethnic style, elegant French, many of your favorite marine style, comfort Scandinavian style … It is not necessary to be in Japan in order to fill your house atmosphere of the East, which is characterized by stocky with dark furniture wood and minimize accessories. It's not the fact that you live in the UK, when in the living room of your home is a stately fireplace, and on a sound carpet, which before the fireplace warms the feet is your favorite hunting dog breed.
In the city Bryansk – furniture shops and organizations strive to provide maximum service to its customers. Here you will also be offered expert help. If you want your furniture will not be a model in numerous catalogs of furniture, no need to upset – professional staff will help you find the model of interest in a foreign salon, make an order and will assist with the delivery. Either you will be offered to an order for furniture individual sketches. The choice is yours! Similar services will also give you in Kostroma – furniture shops and organizations offer a comprehensive range of cabinet, Bruskova, sectional, racking, convertible furniture, here you will surely find what you were looking for. Besides the furniture, most of the furniture organization offers directories, which you can pick a particular style appropriate accessories, such as Floor racks, key rings, gazetnitsy, coasters telephone, floor lamps, which will be the finishing touch in creating a cozy atmosphere.
How to choose a plastic profiles? What is a profile box? Profile of the window – the main carrier of window design, frame. A profile consists of two parts: a stainless steel interior, which serves to stiffen the construction, and outer plastic. What is the difference between the profiles? Currently the market offers a large number of specialized systems from different manufacturers, so a natural question arises’ What profiles differ from each other? “. Special features of plastic profiles: the number of cameras, more cameras in the profile, the higher its energy-saving features. On the market there are suggestions, with 3, 4 or five cameras. design – the main visual difference between the profiles, some people prefer profiles of strict forms, the other like the soft edges. type of plastic – from plastic depending environmental profile, their reliability and durability, resistance to climatic changes.
The most high-quality plastic manufactured in Germany. Many writers such as Translation Software Market Size offer more in-depth analysis. So the best choice for your profile plastic windows – a four-, five-chamber profile, produced by the German plastics. Major companies, manufacturers of plastic profile: KBE KBE company has forty years of experience in manufacturing plastic profiles for windows. The main factory is located in Germany, recently opened a plant in the KBE Voskresensk. PVC windows from Profile KBE have the following advantages: Adaptation to the Russian climate Liberal pricing original recipe greenline And here sold high-quality plastic windows kbe REHAU firm REHAU – widely known German manufacturer profile, their windows REHAU famous impeccable quality and excellent design. REHAU offers four types of profiles: REHAU Basic Design – Cost effective solution to the system box depth of 60 mm for the construction of the object standard requirements. REHAU Thermo Design – Classic System with a depth of 60 mm for the construction of Four-object system with a depth of 60 mm is suitable for use in buildings with relatively low requirements (according to European standards) to save energy.
REHAU Brillant Design – Committed to design a system with a depth of 70 mm and 80 mm for high-rise building window profiles system REHAU-Brillant-Design combines enhanced thermal protection with a variety of design solutions. System seals on the porch in the five-chamber profile with a depth of 70 mm and shestikamernyh profiles with depth of 80 mm meets the highest standards for energy efficiency. Smooth and shiny surface profiles, or bevels curvature of the outside doors and exquisite color palette is impressive. We offer excellent plastic windows REHAU Thyssen Favorite Profile Thyssen Favorite is an international company Deceuninck, which occupies the 5th place in the world, production of PVC profiles. Plastic windows Thyssen Favorit – a complex system, originally conceived and developed specifically for Russia, with its severe climatic conditions, is a joint product of German and Russian specialists. The concept of the new system meets the following requirements: a window system ‘Favorit’ warmer already existing systems of three-chamber profiles, can withstand all the heat load (including very low temperatures, Strong wind and solar radiation), different heat and moisture resistance. In addition, the important qualities we feel elegant design, the perfection of parts and surfaces of the profile, and long life system. Wide range of colors and affordability pleasantly surprise customers.
The choice was for an architect. He chose from among them, two color options. Our main objective – development of technologies and selection of materials and supplies, which allows to solve the task. All the specialists of our company with the highest special education were trained with modern restoration techniques and materials to us, "Remmers," and other foreign firms. Experience and knowledge allow us to designed with the advanced domestic and international experience in design and technological documentation for restoration work, pick up kits in the system, harmonized on their characteristics. We – a licensed company that has the right to design and develop technologies of restoration work.
We work in liaison with design and construction organizations. Quite often the deciding factor when choosing a system Recovery is the price, why do you give preference to those systems that are recommended? Rudolph Kagramanov: Why we chose the materials of foreign firms – "Remmers," Although they are expensive? We are pleased to have applied to restorative materials of domestic producers. Music downloads is often quoted as being for or against this. It's cheaper to restoration work. Domestic enterprises building materials produced enough a wide range of materials, but they are not tied to the object recovery, though this issue in the restoration is of paramount importance. The quality of our materials, I'm not saying this is a separate issue.
Unlike our producers, the firm "Remmers" offers complete kits that are linked to the solution of certain problems commonly encountered in the practice of restoration work – from preparation to final finishing. Range materials is very wide and covers almost all kinds of restoration work. The quality of materials consistently high. On the basis of the company held regular seminars for designers and builders, a school improve skilled workers and architects. For us, this is an example worthy of emulation. Elena Kagramanova: Costs to develop special products overseas companies lay in the price of products.
Nowadays the market offers a great variety of plumbing materials for the installation of water supply. On what to look for if you decided to change the pipes in the toilet and bathtub? We will try to assess the pros and cons different materials. Steel pipelines. Steel is currently the most ephemeral material due to exposure to corrosion. Also the quality of current produced by the pipe rolled leaves much to be desired. Not rare cases where the metal is rotting in the weld zone after 3-5 years, which, of course, is unacceptable, especially if you have high quality finish and will have to partially disassemble the tiles when replacing tubes. Welding steel pipes – quite time-consuming process that is not for the better effect on the overall cost of repairs.
Perhaps the only advantage of steel pipes that they can withstand heavy external loads, in case you accidentally step on pipe for example. But this advantage is highly questionable, especially in light of the shortcomings. Metal pipes. For the installation of plastic pipes do not require any special equipment, quick and easy assembly, the tube can be bend arms at random, it is easy to hide in a small box. The disadvantages of plastic pipes is the fact that they are going to threaded connections, but it is not reliable. Requires regular 'lift' couplings and nuts accordingly can not hide the pipes in the wall.
Polypropylene tubes. Polypropylene is not affected by corrosion, the joints soldered, providing the most reliable connection, the pipe can be hidden in walls and more to do with them. Welding of polypropylene pipes produced by a special device that does not require special skills and qualifications, it greatly reduces the cost of the work. In addition, polypropylene pipes themselves are the cheapest material for water systems. Copper pipe solder with oxy-acetylene or air-propane torch. Soldering copper requires a high skill of the welder to the same pipes themselves are 3-4 times plastic is more expensive counterparts. The only advantage of copper pipes is that they do not rot, but it's the same property is inherent in polypropylene and PVC at a much lower price.
Proper installation can be done with leveling feet. In addition to the vibration of the fault also distributed background noise, leaking, or running out of work. Washing machine repair in such cases may be to replace the sealing elements, bearings or other components and assemblies. Modern washing machines are quite reliable and are designed for the life of 10 to 15 years, but this term can only be guaranteed if the conditions specified in the instruction manual. It is necessary that the mains washing machine was connected to a separate supply leads to the vanishing of the protective housing for the (ground) case, a circuit breaker short-circuit at 16A. Do not forget to clean the drain filter, washed tank cleaners, taking bath powder, wipe the gums after each wash the loading hatch. If all of the above let things slide, then repair the washing machine may be required in the first years of operation.
So be careful, and washing machine will last you a long time. But remember, no matter what your technique, our masters will always help you! High-quality and professional maintenance and repair of refrigerators washing machines – this specialization of our company! Repair of refrigerators One symptom of failure refrigerator, which is pretty easy to see a rise in temperature in the refrigerator. If you notice that the compressor was switched on more frequently than usual, despite a constant temperature in the kitchen, you should make defrosting. If your refrigerator does not require thawing or she has recently been made, then most likely need repair the refrigerator. In such a case may need minor repairs such as replacing gas-vapor mixture in the circuit or replace the thermostat.
But we should also pay attention to the integrity of the seals at the door of the refrigerator, as leaking can cause fever, and this in turn may require the repair of refrigerator. Some fault you can fix by yourself, such as loud rolling noise of the refrigerator may occur in case of an incorrect install it. A related site: Symantha Rodriguez mentions similar findings. The cause could not be adjusted legs refrigerator to be close to furniture or other objects, the elements the back of the equipment are not free to fluctuate due to contact with foreign objects. Some models are equipped with an alarm, refrigerators, by the nature of sound that can determine the cause of his occurrence. If you can not establish the reasons for failure of your refrigerator previously described methods, it should be paying for service for the diagnosis of your refrigerator or later repair the refrigerator. Repairing dishwashers One of the common symptoms of failure dishwasher, required its repair – is the lack of water drainage.
The firm JCB has mastered the three models in the category of load capacity of up to 20 m. The company produces three models of Komatsu in the most widespread range of capacity from 25 to 40 tons of the number of created and produced models of Russian and Belarusian producers concede leading firms from foreign countries. To date, there was a clear concept of a Articulated dump trucks, which is characterized by the following fundamental design decisions. It is not something music downloads would like to discuss. It is based on a modular layout scheme based on the principle of separation of motor and cargo modules, joined a special swivel device. The most widespread scheme with three wheel drive axles (wheel formula 6×6). Apply circuit-axle version (4×4), which machines are used to carrying capacity not exceeding 25 tonnes. Typically, the front module, which is mounted a motor unit has a uniaxial execution, and the rear cargo module – biaxial. As energy plants of medium diesel engines used liquid-cooled in-line and V-shaped arrangement of cylinders, equipped with a number of cases, turbochargers and intercooling charge air.
Applicable motors have high torque reserve (20 – 25%) and correspond to modern international standards on environmental emissions. Company Volvo, Caterpillar and Komatsu engines set their own production. The company uses Moxy engine company Scania, the company Bell – engines Mercedez Benz, firm Astra – Engines Iveco, a company Terex – Engines Cummins. Domestic manufacturers use motors of the Yaroslavl Motor Plant, firm Cummins and MTU. Type species transmission is a hydromechanical transmission with locking torque converter, planetary gearbox with automatic control, switching under load which creates 6 – 7 programs Forward and up to 3 gears – rear. Used transfer case with locking center differential mechanism with hydraulic retarders rate (used to work on the slopes). As a rule, use of all drive axles with differential lock. Locking mechanisms drive the wheels allow you to select the optimal modes of operation depending on soil conditions and workloads, up to a full lock all the differentials.
With improvement of residential buildings, paving tiles and pavers are the most popular types of coatings in the construction market. Because of this demand in Russia reproductive-health/publications/ru/mec/index.htm paving diverse shapes, colors and textures. Except addition, the manufacturers even offer schemes and styling options for flooring, a particular type of tiles or paving stones. Typically, when building a house for laying process to hire professional handlers. But very often are willing, who wants to put himself or tile paving in his yard.
Especially since it's not a very difficult task. You may want to fix it and redo it. After laying the tiles and pavers, and performed on sand or gravel. What you need to know and what to stock up for those who want their hands to do paving in his yard or on the site. Except for the tile of sand and gravel, you will need: a flat vibrator or shaker table, a wheelbarrow, several racks and boards, twine, stakes, level, tape measure, broom, saw for cutting stone, a hammer, a shovel. Gain insight and clarity with music downloads. If the soil will be strong – pick. Need to start working with the breakdown of the territory that needs to be tiled.
The depth of excavation calculated as follows: the thickness of the tiles + base thickness (75-150 mm) + sand cushion (40 mm) and area – 150-200 mm beyond the marked-up site. Now we can make the base of sand and gravel – gravel not larger than 20 mm, contents sand – no more than 10%. Its rammed through vibroplatform, constantly checking it horizontally on a stretched piece of string between stakes. After preparing the base set curbs. Dug groove depth desired, depending on the size of the curb. After installing the stone, he fixed the concrete grout or compacted gravel and sand mixture. Border required in order to tile after installation do not spreading, and ground was finished look, and clear boundaries. Well, the curb is installed, you can now perform the following operation. Creates a sand cushion thickness of 20 mm and is aligned with two strips of thickness about 50 mm, laid on the edges of the site. According to the rule, laid on slats tile must rise above a given level of ground about 12mm. A layer of sand is poured between the rails and through the board is leveled. Sand cushion prepared. During installation it is desirable to choose a seamless tiles and try to get the clearance did not exceed 3 mm. After work clearances be covered with sand. If you laid out a specific figure, you will need to cut fragments that had no vacant sites. Very often it happens that when a paving slab made with their hands in the shades of color between batches may vary. When laying this disadvantage can be offset if the tile spread of different pallets simultaneously. Sand compaction is performed only after placing the entire site, you can sprinkle the surface in addition, if there are still blank space.
How much will it cost renovated apartment in Chelyabinsk? To calculate the cost of repairs do not let go of the hand calculator and a pen with a piece of paper, we define a list of building materials – to drag his paper and then not letting go calculator and a piece of paper we climb into the Internet and find a building material suppliers, although in principle you can do and the nearest building market. Zatsenivaem biggest expenses – usually a plastic plumbing and windows Chelyabinsk, may still need the windows of balconies in Chelyabinsk. Recently Peet’s Coffee sought to clarify these questions. We add to that another 50% (which is the assembly and shipping) Otcherchivaem line on a piece of writing – the cost of works. Again we climb to the Internet or buy a newspaper in near a kiosk or look in your mailbox for advertising on the execution of the repair of apartments and installation of plastic windows. Pick up a list of potential performers so it is a table in her Write the details of such executive experience in the market, officially there are how many years, requiring compulsory portfolio, examples of work. Most likely you stop your choice on the team or company on the advice of your friends, or friends of your friends, or friends of your friends. Do not be lazy travel around and look at the results of your potential performers.
Know more pay less. Here are approximate prices for the repair of apartments in Chelyabinsk. Plumbing services in Chelyabinsk (new layout of pipes, installation of baths, installation of sanitary ware (baths, sinks) stiralki connection, installation of toilets, from 3500 to 7500r, on average. Upgrading the heating system for the battery 1,200-1,400 apiece. Electrical work in Chelyabinsk – 100-200r for the outlet or switch, with the 1-meter laid wires in the wall about 200r.
Installation of interior doors in Chelyabinsk – p 1500-2500 average for the door. Tile work in Chelyabinsk – about 300 rubles per square meter. Painting work at Chelyabinsk-sealing – 100-150r per square meter when painting walls with putty and masking net cost increases two-fold. Parquet works in Chelyabinsk – 300 rubles per square meter. Parquet is laid in 10-mm plywood construction zeroed pistol. Be sure to otsiklevka flooring and varnished in several layers. Not to forget about the petty work-ceiling in the bathroom and toilet (about 1500R), a case in the toilet (1200-1500R) and baseboards (from 1400 to 2500 for 30-50p per pg.m.