The education system in Greece consists of three levels: compulsory primary school, secondary school (divided into high schools and technical schools), as well as special and higher education. The country has 18 higher education institutions. The biggest ones are: the University of Athens (1837), Universities of Thessaloniki (1925) and Patra (1966), the Polytechnic Institute in Athens (1836). In the 2000/2001 academic year at universities in Greece were enrolled St. 148 thousand students. Greek culture takes rooted in 3_m millennium BC.
Is divided into three major periods of ancient Greek culture: pre-classical (up to 6. BC), classical (5-4 cc. BC) and Hellenistic (2_ya floor. 4 – Ser. 1. BC. e..) In pre-classical era of very allocated Aegean, Cretan-Mycenaean or, culture (3-2 centuries BC), the Homeric period unwritten (9.11 cc. BC) and Archaic period (8-6 centuries.
BC .), which coincided with the colonization of the Greek coast of the Mediterranean, the Black and Marmara seas. The era of the classics – peak flowering of Greek culture. In the preservation of the Greek cultural heritage an important role sygralarimskaya culture. In the Byzantine period of greatest prosperity and architecture reached visual arts, and literature, who wore mostly religious in nature. Modern Greek Literature was born during the war for independence. Feats of people chanting A. Kalvos (1792-1869), A. Sutsos (1803-63), A. Valaoritis (1824-79). Occupies a special place prose Makriyannisa Yannis (1797-1864), a general of the national liberation movement, who learned to write at the age of 32 years. The spirit of romanticism with elements of realism distinguishes creativity Dionissiosa Solomos (1798-1857) – the head of the Ionic school, committed to national traditions and language. The freedom-loving mood characteristic of creative poets 1_y Athenian school, focus on antiquity. Vernacular and national thematic says the founder of the 2nd Athenian school Kostis Palamas (1859-1943). Realism in prose developed Roidis Emmanuel (1836-1904) 1904). "Athenian Literary School" was first questioned about the choice of the modern literary Language: close to the Greek (kafarevus) or spoken language (dimotichesky).