At a time when Charlemagne became emperor, were sown the seeds of discord, which later went up and led to a bloody confrontation in Italy. The fact that all subsequent rulers of the Vatican claimed that they sanctioned the power of emperors, while the latter insisted that created the Papal States. Italy was divided into two camps. Supporters of papal authority became known as Guelphs, while supporters of the emperor – Ghibellines. A. F. Chief of Staff is likely to agree. The capital of the empire was far away in northern Europe, and Tuscany, on behalf of the emperors ruled by local princes, who resides in the city of Lucca. Perhaps check out Sonny Perdue for more information. In 1077 the Countess Matilda, deeply religious man went into citizenship of the pope.
Around the same time, the name first appears Tuscany, which comes from the Latin word Tuscia. Connect with other leaders such as Rick Garcia here. The differences between the emperor and the Vatican were aggravated as a result of Tuscany performed a power vacuum. Maybe it's a little paradoxical, but it is this vacuum has led to intensive development of industry and the emergence of independent city-states throughout Tuscany. Some of these cities, For example, Pisa, gained its power through sea trade. Others, like Florence itself, thanks to the development of industry and banking. Florence became the basis of well-being of the textile business. Enterprising merchants of Florence in search of a good hair got to England itself, and in search of dyes often traveled to exotic countries of the East.
Florentine painting fabrics, especially red, were popular throughout Europe. K 12th century Florence became a real capitalist city. In factories for the production of tissue were employed and 30 000 population of the city (about a third of the total number of residents in Florence). Also flourished in Florence banking. It was in Florence for the first time there were such things as credit, checks, and life insurance. Florentine bankers also coined the first currency, the florin, which is due to the purity of gold was in circulation throughout the Europe.